Architecture Glossary

Arsitektur – rumah kita, bangunan di sekitar kita dan lingkungannya – memang bukan hanya soal statika bangunan agar kokoh dan tidak roboh bila ada gempa, bukan cuma harus nikmat ventilasinya dan elok efek psikologis interpretasi ruang-ruangnya; bukan pula hanya menyangkut masalah pragmatis denah permukiman, penyusunan ekonomisnya, zoningnya, akan tetapi selalu menyentuh dimensi yang telah disentuh pula oleh alam raya, dimensi citra.

Citra yang menunjuk kepada sesuatu yang transendens, yang memberi makna, yang membuat kita melihat beyond atau apa yang di balik yang ada, mengatasi wadaq material atau hitungan ekonomi belaka. Oleh karena itu kita (arsitek dan pemberi tugas arsitek) ada kewajiban tugas serius mengolah arsitektur yang lebih lengkap, lebih utuh dalam arti wastu, dalam suatu total architecture.

Sumber: Mangunwijaya, YB. Wastucitra.Gramedia, Jakarta, 1988. p. 326-350

ARCHITECTOON, MAGISTER OPERIS, MAGISTER LAPIDUM, STHAPATI ACHARIYA, SUTRADHARA, VASTHUVIDYA ATAU WASTUWIDYA,WEZEN, DING, ZAAK, WERKELIJKHEID, DHARA, HARSYA, YANA, ARCHITECTONIKUS, AISLE, GANG, ALVAR AALTO, ARCADE, ARCHITRAVE, ARNE JACOBSEN, ART DECO, Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), ART MODERNE, Cubist, Abstract, Expressionist art, Secessionists, ART NOUVEAU, Jugendstil, ATRIUM, Early Christian and Byzantine churches, AVANT GARDE, BAUHAUS, Walter Gropius,  the Dessau Bauhaus, BRUTALISM Architectural style, Béton brut, BUTTRESS, arch or vault (angle, clasping, diagonal, flying, setback buttress), CARYATID, CIAM Les Congres Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne, CLERESTORY, the arcade and triforium, CLOISTERS, COLONNADE, CONSTRUCTIVISM, Architects: Konstantin Melnikov, Kasimir Malevich, Vladimir Tatlin, El Lissitzky, CORINTHIAN, CORNICE, CUPOLA, CURTAIN WALL in castles, DADAISM, DE STIJL Magazine, Architects: Piet Mondrian, JJP Oud, Theo van Doesburg, and Gerrit Rietveld, DECONSTRUCTIVISM, DOME, DORIC, DYMAXION R., EERO SAARINEN, the Yale Hockey Rink (1958), or TWA Terminal at Kennedy Airport, ENGAGED COLUMN, ENTABLATURE,  EXPRESSIONISM, the Casa Batló (1907) and the Casa Milá (1910), FAÇADE, FENESTRATION, FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION (Louis Sullivan), FORUM In Roman architecture, corresponds to the Greek agora, FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, FUNCTIONALISM, GABLE, GALLERY, GARDEN CITY, Ebenezer Howard, GEODESIC DOME, GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, HEIMASTIL, DER, HIGH TECH ARCHITECTURE, Eiffel Tower in Paris, Pompidou Centre, Paris, HISTORICISM, INDUSTRIALIZED BUILDING, IONIC, JAMES STIRLING, KENZO TANGE, LANTERN, LE CORBUSIER Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, sketches for the Maison Citrohan, The Villa Savoye, Poissy, ‘Five Points of a New Architecture, LOAD BEARING, LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE, MODERN MOVEMENTS, De Stijl group (notably van Doesburg and Rietveld), Walter Gropius, Konstantin Melnikov and Mies van der Rohe, MOSAIC, MOULDING, NAVE, NEO-VERNACULAR, NEW OBJECTIVITY, DIE NEUE SACHLICHKEIT, OBELISK, OCULUS,  ORDERS, OSCAR NIEMEYER, PAGODA, PEDIMENT, PENDENTIVES, PETER BEHRENS, PIAZZA, PILASTER, PILOTIS, PLURALISM, POST-MODERNISM, PRAIRIE STYLE HOUSE, PREFAB, PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE, PRUITT-IGOE, Minoru Yamasaki, PRUITT-IGOE, PYRAMID, RENDERED / UNRENDERED, RIB, RIBBON WINDOWS, SANCTUARY, SECESSION, VIENA Group, SHINGLE STYLE, SHUTTER (ED), SPACE FRAMES, STRESSED SKIN STRUCTURES, STALACTITE, STREAMLINING, STUCCO, STUPA, STYLOBATE, SUKIYA, SYSTEM BUILDING, TATAMI, TRABEATE, TUSCAN, TYMPANUM, UNITÉ D’HABITATION, VAULT, VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE vs PRIMITIVE ARCHITECTURE, VOUSSOIRS, WALKWAYS, WALTER GROPIUS, WROUGHT-IRON, ZIGGURAT, ZIYADA.

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